Author Archives: c11634410

Do Not Be A Victim of a Ghost Tax Preparer or Tax Fraud

By law, anyone who is paid to prepare or assist in preparing federal tax returns must have a valid 2019 Preparer Tax Identification Number, or PTIN. Paid preparers must sign the return and include their PTIN.

But ‘ghost’ preparers do not sign the return. Instead, they print the return and tell the taxpayer to sign and mail it to the IRS. Or, for e-filed returns, they prepare but refuse to digitally sign it as the paid preparer.

According to the IRS, similar to other tax preparation schemes, dishonest and unscrupulous ghost tax return preparers look to make a fast buck by promising a big refund or charging fees based on a percentage of the refund. These scammers hurt honest taxpayers who are simply trying to do the right thing and file a legitimate tax return.

Ghost tax return preparers may also: Require payment in cash only and not provide a receipt. Invent income to erroneously qualify their clients for tax credits or claim fake deductions to boost their refunds. Direct refunds into their own bank account rather than the taxpayer’s account.

The IRS urges taxpayers to review their tax return carefully before signing and ask questions if something is not clear. And for any direct deposit refund, taxpayers should make sure both the routing and bank account number on the completed tax return are correct.

The IRS offers tips to help taxpayers choose a tax return preparer wisely. The Choosing a Tax Professional page has information about tax preparer credentials and qualifications. The IRS Directory of Federal Tax Return Preparers with Credentials and Select Qualifications can help identify many preparers by type of credential or qualification.

Taxpayers can report abusive tax preparers to the IRS. Use Form 14157, Complaint: Tax Return Preparer. If a taxpayer suspects a tax preparer filed or changed their tax return without their consent, they should file Form 14157-A, Tax Return Preparer Fraud or Misconduct Affidavit.

 

 

 

 

 

 

More of Taxpayer First Act of 2019

First Version

According to one critic,[who?], the first Taxpayer First Act of 2019, H.R. 1957 would make it illegal for the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) to create free tax preparation software in an effort to prop up businesses like TurboTax and H&R Block.[1][2] The bill has bipartisan support.[3] Its passage by the House of Representatives on April 9, 2019 was praised by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants.[4] The legislation also addresses identity theft protection and taxpayer rights during an income tax audit.[5] The bill includes a provision that will establish the IRS Independent Office of Appeals to resolve federal tax controversies without litigation.

The bill was criticized in news media as being overly biased in favor of for-profit tax filing services, and an investigation by ProPublica showed that companies which stood to benefit from the Free File provision, like H&R Block, tried to force taxpayers eligible to file for free into paying the company to file their taxes. As a result, congressional action on this version of the bill stalled in the Senate.

Second Version

A second version of the Taxpayer First Act of 2019, H.R. 3151, was passed in the House by voice vote on 10 June 2019 with the sponsorship of original sponsor Rep. John Lewis. This version dropped the Free File provision from H.R. 1957. H.R. 3151 had the support of Sen. Chuck Grassley.

Taxpayer First Act of 2019 – First of Two Revisions

Trump Signs New Law To Protect Innocent Small Business Owners From IRS Seizures

 

For the first time in nearly 20 years, Congress has reined in civil forfeiture, which lets the federal government permanently confiscate property without ever filing criminal charges. Following unanimous approval by Congress, President Donald Trump last week signed the Taxpayer First Act (H.R. 3151), an overhaul of the Internal Revenue Service that includes the Clyde-Hirsch-Sowers RESPECT Act. Named after Institute for Justice clients Jeff Hirsch and Randy Sowers, two small-business owners who had their bank accounts raided by the IRS, the RESPECT Act curbs the IRS’s power to seize cash for “structuring” offenses.

Under the Bank Secrecy Act of 1970, banks must report any cash transactions greater than $10,000. But if someone frequently deposits or withdraws their cash in amounts under $10,000, the IRS could seize it for “structuring.” Even though their money was earned legitimately and despite the fact that they were never charged with a crime, in 2012, the IRS seized nearly $63,000 from Randy and more than $446,000 from Jeff. It took years of litigation and high-profile coverage before they won their money back.

Internal Revenue Service sign in Washington, D.C...

“The IRS welcomes passage of the Taxpayer First Act, and we are pleased this important legislation received full bipartisan support,” the IRS said in a statement to Accounting Today. “The legislation is wide-ranging and touches on a number of areas across the IRS. We believe these changes and many others in the bill will help the IRS and the nation’s tax administration system move forward.”

 

This information was obtained through an article from Forbes Media LLC

 

New Tax On Lawsuit Settlements — Legal Fees Can’t Be Deducted

Many plaintiffs will face higher taxes on lawsuit settlements under the recently passed tax reform law. Some will be taxed on their gross recoveries, with no deduction for attorney fees even if their lawyer takes 40% off the top. In a $100,000 case, that means paying tax on $100,000, even if $40,000 goes to the lawyer. The new law should generally not impact qualified personal physical injury cases, where the entire recovery is tax free. It also should generally not impact plaintiffs who bring claims against their employers. They are still allowed an above the line deduction for legal fees (although there are new wrinkles in sexual harassment cases).

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For most other types of claims, if the suit is not related to the plaintiff’s trade or business, there may be no write-off for legal fees or costs. That means you are taxed on 100% of your recovery. Examples of settlements facing tax on 100% include recoveries:

    1. From a website for invasion of privacy or defamation;
    2. From a stock broker or financial adviser for bad investment advice, unless you can capitalize your legal fees;
    1. From your ex-spouse for claims related to your divorce or children;
    2. From a neighbor for trespassing, encroachment, etc;
    3. From the police for wrongful arrest or imprisonment;
    4. From anyone for intentional infliction of emotional distress;
  1. From your insurance company for bad faith;
  2. From your tax adviser for bad tax advice;
  3. From your lawyer for legal malpractice; or
  4. From a truck driver who injures you if you recover punitive damages.

The list of lawsuits where this will be a problem seems almost endless. The new tax law wiped away miscellaneous itemized deductions and deductions for investment expenses. But part of the tax problem is historical. In 2005, the U.S. Supreme Court held that plaintiffs must generally recognize gross income equal to 100% of their recoveries. even if their lawyers take a share. See Commissioner v. Banks, 543 U.S. 426 (2005). That means plaintiffs must try to deduct fees paid to their lawyers. Fortunately, Congress enacted an above the line deduction for employment claims and certain whistleblower claims. For employment and some whistleblower claims, this deduction remains in the law, so those claimants will pay tax only on their net recoveries.

Yet plaintiffs in employment claims that involve sexual harassment face new tax problems. The new law denies tax deductions for legal fees and settlement payments in sexual harassment or abuse cases, if there is a nondisclosure agreement. Virtually all settlement agreements include confidentiality or nondisclosure provisions. Even legal fees paid by the plaintiff in a confidential sexual harassment settlement are evidently covered. Congress probably intended only to deny defendant tax deductions. But even plaintiffs may have to worry about tax write-offs in sexual harassment cases after Harvey Weinstein.

Up until now, even if you did not qualify to deduct your legal fees above the line, you could deduct them below the line. A below the line (miscellaneous itemized) deduction was more limited, but was still a deduction. Now, there is no below the line deduction for legal fees. Do two checks (one to lawyer, one to plaintiff) obviate the income to plaintiff? Not according to Banks. IRS Form 1099 regulations generally require defendants to issue a Form 1099 to the plaintiff for the full settlement, even if part of the money is paid to the plaintiff’s lawyer.

One possible way of deducting legal fees could be a business expense if the plaintiff is in business, and the lawsuit relates to it. Some may claim that the lawsuit itself is a business, but in the past, that tax argument usually failed. There will also be new efforts to explore potential exceptions to the Supreme Court’s 2005 holding in Banks. The Supreme Court laid down the general rule that plaintiffs have gross income on contingent legal fees. But general rules have exceptions, and the Court alluded to some in which this general 100% gross income rule might not apply.

For example, court awarded fees, statutory fees, or a partnership between lawyer and client divide the proceeds are all worth discussing. But tax advice early–before the case settles and the settlement agreement is signed–are going to be essential.  For many, no tax deduction for legal fees will come as a bizarre and unpleasant surprise after the fact. Plaintiffs who have some advance warning and advice may go to new lengths to try to avoid the lawyer’s share being income to them, or to somehow deduct it. Few plaintiffs receiving a $100,000 recovery will think it is fair to pay taxes on the full amount, when legal fees consumed a third or more.

Add higher contingent fees, high case costs, and bigger recoveries, and the tax problems get even more pronounced. Contingent fee lawyers may try to help plaintiffs where they can. Plaintiffs paying taxes on their gross recoveries–even on the share earned by contingent fee lawyers–is a new tax problem plaintiffs will need time to try to plan around. For those who can’t somehow avoid the tax, it could impact whether cases settle, and if they do, at what amount.

 

Private Collection Company

If a private collection company contacts you on behalf of , here’s how to find out if it’s legitimate.

Trust me you will already know if you owe the IRS money.  Do not fall for anyone calling you as a scam.  If you get a call from someone saying you owe money and you have not received a letter from the agency indicating why and how much you owe, call me right away.

Long History of the Enrolled Agent – Expanded Role of the Enrolled Agent

Long History of the Enrolled Agent

It was at this 1973 convention that Vice President Lee Wurst shared the research he had uncovered on the long history of the enrolled agent. Enrolled agents were first recognized on July 7, 1884 by an Act of Congress signed into law by President Chester A. Arthur, which came about due to fraudulent war loss claims following the Civil War. The “Enabling Act” or “Horse Act of 1884,” which stipulated that enrollment was governed by a committee on enrollment and disbarment, was meant to ensure that enrolled “agents, attorneys, or other persons representing claimants” could help settle claims associated with property the government had seized for use in the Civil War.

Expanded Role of the Enrolled Agent

In 1913, the first income tax law became effective with the ratification of the 16th Amendment by President Woodrow Wilson. The scope of the enrolled agent was expanded to include claims for monetary relief for citizens whose taxes had become inequitable. As income, estate, gift, and other sources of taxes became more complex, the role of enrolled agent grew to include preparation of the many required tax forms. Audits increased and the enrolled agent role evolved to include taxpayer representation, resulting in a series of statutes that were combined in 1941 into a single Treasury Department Circular. Circular 230 replaced the Enabling Act and marked the first publication to specify the rules and regulations that governed procedure, practice, and enrollment. Enrolled agents, Circular 230 practitioners, are federally authorized tax practitioners empowered by the U.S. Department of the Treasury to represent taxpayers before the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) for tax issues including audits, collections, and appeals. (Lawyers and CPAs are licensed by states, whereas enrolled agents can practice in all 50 states.) Enrolled agent status is the highest credential awarded by the IRS, secured by passing a three-part Special Enrollment Exam or through previous experience at the IRS.

Let’s Talk Taxes – Home Office Deduction

Let’s Talk Taxes – Home Office Deduction

You’ve decided to start a small business working out of your home. Life is great and you can’t beat the commute. Now, how will this affect your income taxes? Can you deduct expenses for use of your home? The answer is that it depends…on a lot of things.

First of all, the business must be for profit or an expectation of profit. Next, you must set aside an area that is used exclusively for this business. Perhaps you’ve set up a room with a desk, computer, file cabinets, and storage for your product. Use the room entirely and exclusively for business purposes and it will be deductible. Beware, however, that as soon as you add a sofa bed in the corner for your in-laws to use when they come to visit, the space is no longer exclusive and you lose the deduction.

What is eligible for a deduction? This is where the math comes in. You must determine the total square footage of your home and the total square footage of the office. Example: Total house is 2000 square feet and the office area is 200 square feet. This will give you a 10% office usage equation. You will then be allowed to deduct 10% of your costs for the upkeep and maintenance of your home which includes insurance, taxes, mortgage interest (or rent if you do not own), electricity, gas, and repairs for the entire house. Additionally, you can take specific fix-up and maintenance costs in full if they are solely for the business space.

Also available is a deduction for depreciation on the home. To determine this figure, use the cost of the house, less the value of the land, and depreciate this value over 39 years (commercial use value). When you sell the home, you must make an adjustment for the amount of the depreciation taken. This depreciation adjustment is recaptured on your tax return at the 25% tax rate.

Be sure you fully understand the home office deduction and subsequent depreciation recapture before using it. Rules for the home office deduction can be tricky.  When preparing your return, I will take great care in making sure you understand how this will effect you now and in the future.

The author is an enrolled agent, licensed by the US Department of the Treasury to represent taxpayers before the IRS for audits, collections and appeals.

 

 

 

 

 

Let’s Talk Tax – IRS Notice

 

Let’s Talk Taxes

Greetings from the IRS

 

You’ve just picked up your mail and … uh oh, there among the ads, bills and too numerous offerings for credit cards is that official looking letter from the Internal Revenue Service. A feeling of dread comes over you…but don’t panic or toss it, and please DO open it. It might even be good news.

Usually, mail from the IRS is a notification that they need verification of documents or substantiation of an amount you have claimed on your tax return. Read the letter thoroughly. Determine what they are looking for, and then provide the information. Some of the most commonly missed items on a return are simple things: you forgot to sign the 1040; you didn’t attach W-2’s and required statements; if you’re paying quarterly, maybe you claimed the wrong amount as estimated tax; or, perhaps the income you listed doesn’t match the figure that was reported to the IRS on a Form 1099 by someone who paid you during the tax year.

If you have the correct information, it’s a simple matter to fix. Make copies of your documents verifying the information on your return and send the copies back to the IRS along with a copy of the letter they sent to you. If, in fact, you didn’t include an amount on your return that should have been there, sign the form agreeing to the change and send them a check for the amount of tax due by the deadline date given for compliance. Usually, penalties and interest will be added—so, the sooner you comply, the less it will cost.

If your IRS letter advises you that your return has been selected for audit, you would be wise to seek professional advice. That’s where I come in.  You should contact that me for help with the audit. If you prepared your own return, you may wish to contact me immediately.  I am an Enrolled Agent.  Enrolled agents are authorized by the U.S. Treasury Department to represent taxpayers before all administrative levels of the IRS for audits, collections, and appeals.

Now you’re thinking, what about that possible good news mentioned earlier? It could be that the notice is for an unexpected refund, of course. Now, open that letter!

The author is an enrolled agent, licensed by the US Department of the Treasury to represent taxpayers before the IRS for audits, collections and appeals.